Holomorphic factorization of determinants of Laplacians on Riemann surfaces and a higher genus generalization of Kronecker’s first limit formula
For a family of compact Riemann surfaces X_t of genus g>1 parametrized by the Schottky space S_g, we define a natural basis for the holomorphic n-differentials on X_t which varies holomorphically with t and generalizes the basis of normalized abelian differentials of the first kind for n=1. We introduce a holomorphic function F(n) on S_g which generalizes the classical product \prod(1-q^m)^2 appearing in the Dedekind eta function for n=1 and g=1. We prove a holomorphic factorization formula expressing the regularized determinant of the Laplacian as a product of |F(n)|^2, a holomorphic anomaly depending on the classical Liouville action (a Kahler potential of S_g), and the determinant of the Gram matrix of the natural basis. The factorization formula reduces to Kronecker's first limit formula when n=1 and g=1, and to Zograf's factorization formula for n=1 and g>1.
Schottky group, determinant of Laplacian, Kronecker limit formula, Dedekind eta function, Liouville action, Schottky space, Teichmüller space, Green’s function
McIntyre, A. & Takhtajan, L.A. GAFA, Geom. funct. anal. (2006) 16: 1291. doi:10.1007/s00039-006-0582-7